How Does A Simple IQ Test Measure The Complex Human Intelligence?
Intelligence is a little understood idea like love. While we all know intuitively if a person is intelligent or not, yet it is very tough to define intelligence in precise words. A distinguished panel of specialists defined intelligence as the individual's ability to understand complicated ideas, to adapt effectively to the surroundings, to be taught from expertise, to have interaction in numerous forms of reasoning to beat obstacles by careful thoughts.
However, most of the experts have their own definition of intelligence. Goleman, one of many worldwide consultants on "Emotional Intelligence", believes that intelligence means how successful a person could be in school and in various kind of jobs, or how will they get along with others. Yet, it is unattainable to measure such ability in a person as it is hard to measure how one would get along with others. Still some individuals consider that emotional intelligence is most important for the success of the person. It's said "A high IQ makes an individual good managers while a high EQ (Emotional Intelligence Quotient) makes a person good leader".
The hunt for the true meaning of intelligence led Gardner to conclude that Intelligence is just not a unitary trait. He concluded that man have a number of intelligences (MI). He recognized as many as eight intelligence viz. Linguistic (syntax, phonology, semantics, pragmatics); Musical (pitch, rhythm, timbre), Logical (Mathematical number, categorization, relations); Spatial (accurate mental visualization, mental transformation of images); Bodily (kinesthetic management of 1's own body, control in handling objects); Interpersonal ( awareness of others' feelings, emotions, goals, motivations); Intra-personal (awareness of one's own feelings, emotions, goals, motivations) and Naturalist( recognition and classification of objects within the setting).
Stenberg's gave another principle of multi-intelligence which he called "Triarchich principle of intelligence" the place he divided the intelligence into three categories i.e. analytical (or componential); experimental or inventive intelligence and practical intelligence.
Thus even after centuries of research, we now have but to reach at the frequent definition of intelligence. When we do not have even a typical definition of intelligence, what is the relevance of the IQ tests which are so fashionable in all nations that a common man identifies intelligence with IQ test rating?
The IQ Test
Despite of the existence of numerous definitions of intelligence, there is only one common technique to measure intelligence that's accepted worldwide viz. Intelligent Quotient (IQ) test. It is usually called "Binet and Simon Test" that was revealed in 1905. This test has withstood the test of time even after a century. The IQ test continues to be the only universally accepted methodology of measuring human intelligence.
IQ tests don't measure absolutely the intelligence of a person but they measure the person's intelligence in respect of the opposite person. The average IQ rating is taken as 100. The higher than a hundred rating signifies that he individual is more intelligent than the average particular person and less than 100 rating indicate below average intelligence.
These IQ tests have become extremely well-liked over time and almost universally utilized for collection of the graduates and postgraduate students by the examinations like SAT or GRE. In most of the international locations related tests are performed for faculty and university admissions. Even for choice of the candidates for jobs, typically the IQ score is the quickest and most vital criterion for selection.
The reason why IQ scores are such a universally accepted criterion for deciding the suitability of an individual for a job or a higher course of research is just not without any basis. There have been a number of studies which have confirmed that the individuals with high IQ rating have significantly better possibilities of success in life. For instance in an research carried out in 1925 by Lewis Terman adopted the lives of the people who had IQ of a hundred thirty or more to search out the relationship between the high intelligence and occupational success and social adjustment. The study established that on the average, the people with higher IQ have earned more degrees, attained higher occupational success and salaries, experienced higher personal and social adjustments and found to be healthier at every age than the typical adult.
However no psychologist or scientist might ever explain how such a simple test which will be completed within jiffy, can so simply measure the intelligence of the person which is such a complex trait of human personality? How can one' ability to remember words, clear up mathematical problems, fill in the blanks or reading comprehension skill has anything to do with the person's ability to make associates, get along with individuals, provide leadership, adjust to social environment and achieve life?
Defining Human Intelligence using the idea of Science of Soul
It's acknowledged in historical Indian and western philosophies that the physical self (body and mind) is the material manifestation of the imperceptible self of the person (soul). The soul is the source of all of the "known" features of the human personality like, love, emotion, intelligence, habits and so on which might be felt by all of us however can't be measured. Nevertheless the signature of the soul (like the DNA) is coded into all of the physical points of the particular person which may be understood only by the soul of one other person. Hence if a person is intelligent he can determine the soul and therefore the mind of the opposite person through his external manifestation like motion, face or speech.
It signifies that if you happen to read an article, you really understand the mind of the writer? In case you see the face of the individual, you know automatically if the individual is truthful or a fraud, sincere or dishonest, sad or joyful? Intelligence, subsequently, means how accurately you determine another person by knowing only little "known" features of him like his body movements, his gestures or his walking model? Subsequently, intelligence might be defined as
Intelligence is the ability of (the soul of) a person to understand(the soul of) another entity from one or few physical manifestation of the entity like face, signature, writings, texture of the skin, voice, walking style.